The Land Question
  • There are no land or self-government treaties in Carrier Sekani Tribal Council territory (see Treaty Map of Canada).

  • The economy of the our people was based on extracting resources from the land by hunting, trapping, fishing, and harvesting wood, plants, and berries.

  • History shows that the economy of our people has been reduced by government policies which favoured the economies of the immigrant population, the majority of whom were involved in logging, mining, and farming.

  • Restrictions were put on our access to hunting and fishing. Territories have been damaged by massive clear-cut logging. Waterways have been polluted by mining; some have been redirected or shut off by massive hydro-electric dams. Berry and plant harvesting areas have been rendered unhealthy by herbicide and pesticides.

  • The historic policy of the British Columbia government has been that the Aboriginal people had no title to the land, thereby justifying their expropriation of their land. Then, in 1927, the Indian Act was amended to prohibit Aboriginal people from raising money or retaining a lawyer to pursue land claims. Throughout all of this, the welfare of BC's Native people was assumed by the federal government.

  • In 1973, the federal government, reacting to the Supreme Court decision in the Calder Case, established a Comprehensive Claims Office. The Carrier Sekani Tribal Council submitted its comprehensive land claim  in 1982.

  • In 1990, the British Columbia Claims Task Force prepared a report on the land claims situation in B.C. and made recommendations for a treaty negotiations process. This report and its recommendations would form the basis for future our treaty talks.

  • In 1993, the Carrier Sekani Tribal Council submitted its Statement of Intent to the BC Treaty Commission on behalf of its member bands.

  • On December 11, 1997, the Supreme Court of Canada handed down its decision on the Delgamuukw court case - the Gitxsan and Wet'suwet'en land claim. The decision makes it clear the Carrier Sekani (and other First Nations) are legal owners of proprietary interests in their territory; this interest includes access to a variety of land and resource use. Thus, based on the Delgamuukw decision, we must have a complete say in all land and resource use in our territory.