There are no land
or self-government treaties in Carrier Sekani Tribal Council territory
Treaty Map of Canada).
The economy of
the our people was based on extracting resources from the land by
hunting, trapping, fishing, and harvesting wood, plants, and berries.
History shows that the economy of our people has been reduced
by government policies which favoured the economies of the immigrant
population, the majority of whom were involved in logging, mining, and
put on our access to hunting and fishing. Territories have been
damaged by massive clear-cut logging. Waterways have been polluted by mining;
some have been redirected or shut off by massive hydro-electric dams.
Berry and plant harvesting areas have been rendered unhealthy by
herbicide and pesticides.
policy of the British Columbia government has been that the Aboriginal
people had no title to the land, thereby justifying their
expropriation of their land. Then, in 1927, the Indian Act was amended
to prohibit Aboriginal people from raising money or retaining a lawyer
to pursue land claims. Throughout all of this, the welfare of BC's
Native people was assumed by the federal government.
In 1973, the
federal government, reacting to the Supreme Court decision in the
Calder Case, established a Comprehensive Claims Office. The
Carrier Sekani Tribal Council submitted its comprehensive land claim
In 1990, the
British Columbia Claims Task Force prepared a report on the land
claims situation in B.C. and made recommendations for a treaty
negotiations process. This report and its recommendations would form
the basis for future our treaty talks.
In 1993, the
Carrier Sekani Tribal Council submitted its Statement of Intent to the
BC Treaty Commission on behalf of its member bands.
On December 11,
1997, the Supreme Court of Canada handed down its decision on the
Delgamuukw court case - the Gitxsan and Wet'suwet'en land claim. The decision
makes it clear the Carrier Sekani (and other First Nations) are legal
owners of proprietary interests in their territory; this interest
includes access to a variety of land and resource use. Thus, based on
the Delgamuukw decision, we must have a complete say in all
land and resource use in our territory.